Today, coastal cities around the world face a range of dynamic regional and global pressures. These pressures make coastal cities more vulnerable to flooding, storm surges, coastal erosion, and more. Global change pressures serve as threat multipliers thus increasing existing problems for these cities. The Tampa Bay region is one of these coastal areas that will become more vulnerable in the future, hence the critical need to improve its resiliency. Tampa Bay's key vulnerabilities related to water include:
- Urban flooding events caused by heavy rainfall induce frequent but limited local damage
- Storm surges caused by hurricanes. Occurrence probability is low but as high-impact events, they can lead to catastrophic flooding along the entire coast.
- Sea level rise caused by climate change. As a long-term driver, it will increase existing flooding problems.